How India Can Reduce Its Dependence on The Monsoons

How India Can Reduce Its Dependence on The Monsoons

I know what you’re thinking. Sira, have you regressed,
and are being forced to relive every lesson you didn’t
pay attention to in school? And what are these clouds. Well, the clouds is
mostly there for effect. And they come
with a lightning ports. The monsoons are critical
for most of the food we grow in our country. And half of our population
works in Agriculture. So if you don’t know
about the things that are important
to half the country. Do you really know India at all? So let’s get to know our country
a little better, shall we? Here’s how the monsoon works. The earth is kind of tilted
on its axis. So halfway through the year it’s
really leaning towards the sun if you’re
in the northern hemisphere. This causes the northern
hemisphere to heat up. As you might expect, if you’ve ever leaned
towards a raging ball of fire. But land heats faster
than the oceans. And so does the air column
above it. Hot air is less dense, so the cooler air from the sea
will flow towards it. This breeze is literally
dripping with water vapour it soaked up from the sea. But now that it’s above land. It starts getting heated up too,
and starts rising. As it goes higher,
the temperature goes down, and it starts losing
its ability to hold moisture. So the water vapour
precipitates, as rain. India gets three quarters of its
rainfall in just these months. For the mathematical
amongst you, that number is more than twice
what it would be, if rainfall
was evenly distributed. Our country moves with the ebb
and flow of the monsoon winds. In tune with its rhythm. A perfect dance of nature
and civilization. Sorry, but no. Depending on Nature is not
a mark of virtue or spirituality here.
That’s just a comforting thought for those of us
who don’t have to suffer when the monsoons are
a couple of weeks late, or 5% less than usual. Almost 3 Lakh farmers
have taken their own lives since we started
to bother counting, and the most common reason
was the failure of their crop. And that’s only counting the
people who took that final step. Not the multitudes whose lives
were made miserable, and whose families
never recovered financially. This is not being in tune
with nature. It’s a problem we need to solve
as soon as we humanly can. So here are some solutions that
people have been working on. Averaging Out the Monsoons:
The monsoon is variable. Sometimes we get more rain,
sometimes less. Which is kind of
the whole problem. If we store this water
in reservoirs and waterbodies, the water could be made
available for irrigation and power generation in years
where rainfall is scarce. This is being achieved in India
in two ways. The River Linking Project,
and Lift Irrigation. The Kaleshwaram Lift
Irrigation Project is a gigantic mega structure, which is geared towards
using a system of pipes, pumps, and barrages to get water
from the River Godavari to a large reservoir. The river is at a lower level than most of the
agricultural land in Telangana. But pumping the water up
more than half a kilometer, this water can be made available
through good old gravity, bringing irrigation
to 45 Lakh acres of Land. How much water? 147 Thousand
Million Cubic Meters. This is not a Megaproject.
It’s a Gigaproject. Is there such a thing?
Well now there is! Now, it’s going to consume a lot
of power to pump all of this water
up almost 650 meters. And most of that power will come
from burning coal, unfortunately. But, you win some,
you lose some I guess. Now, some of the possible
negatives regarding this project are linked below. Using Less Water:
During the green revolution, we switched to different
varieties of wheat and rice, which increased production,
but also required lots of water compared to
indigenous varieties. This was fine and dandy as long
as our water table was high, but as our population grew,
and water needs increased, the ground water
began getting depleted. That means that when we use
borewells now, we need to dig deeper, and expend more electricity
in getting this water out. Now in order to reduce
our water requirement we can use micro irrigation. It’s exactly
what it sounds like. CIPT ran a trial using
this technology and found that amount of water
used fell to less than half, and in some cases to a quarter.
And not only did it save water, it improved productivity
as well. Pretty incredible. Tensiometers are devices
that help farmers figure out if the soil has enough moisture
for the crops they’ve planted. CIPT ran experiment in Punjab where they taught farmers
how to use tensiometers, and found that water
and electricity usage both declined significantly. In order to convince the farmers to give up
their traditional ways of figuring out
how much water to use, they even arranged an insurance
scheme which would pay out if using tensiometers
led to them losing income. This did not happen though,
their crop yields increased. Ok, they didn’t actually
explicitly say that, but worst case, it would have
stayed the same right…right? So anyway it looks
like the technology is something we might be
able to on a bigger scale. Tensiometers may not be
as magical as altheiometers, but they’re real,
and they work. Then there are these
treadle pumps which can really help out
small scale farmers for whom diesel pumps
are unaffordable. IDEI has won several
International awards and had sold over a million
treadle pumps so far, so you can imagine how useful
they’ve been to farmers across the country. These were some of the
technological solutions through which we can begin
to alleviate the effects
of a fickle monsoon. But there are economic ways
of bettering farmers’ lives too. The Prime Minister’s
Fasal Beema Yojana, for example which insures
farmers against loss of income, and not just investment. Online marketplaces, which allow
farmers to better control when, and for how much
they sell their produce. But on this channel we talks
mostly about tech and science, so I’ll leave that
to my betters. Here’s one of them, who talks
about Finance and Stocks, and other incomprehensible
stuff. Go check her out. The smell of the first
monsoon rains is one that has shaped
our very evolution. It used to mean so much
to so many, and it still does. In the years to come, let’s pray
that we can welcome it, not as a savior, but just for the cool, fresh joy
that it beings in, from the sea. I hope you guys
enjoyed this video. Like, share, subscribe,
and start a conversation below to get more videos like this
in your recommendations. I’ll see you really soon.


  1. We depend so much on monsoon and if the Himalayas our natural border wall was not there India would have been a cold icy land. We have so much things we take granted. We need to focus on sustainable agriculture for the economy and the ecology

  2. Kindly put up more links in decsription, especially when u mention any tech useful advancement ex treadel pumps- IDEI

  3. When are you gonna have your own fm channel. I wish I could hear songs to your voice in my imaginary car while driving for my office. Metro and railways announcement should take your voice services. Do patent and insure your voice as your intellectual property. Love you sidda in most rspectable way I can. Thanks for earing us with your soothing voice.

  4. Well we can always switch to drought resistant crops like barley. Barley used to be a staple diet of the Indus valley civilization, besides it has more protein content compared to other cereals. After the collapse of Indus valley, our ancestors became dumber and started cultivating water intensive crops like rice and wheat, which are heavily dependent on monsoon rains.

  5. Now i can make my comment considering u now have led us here, the largest battery on the planet is accually a water reservoir. You have lots of rain and now possibly 2 good reasons to store it : ) Hmm i wonder how much power a decent monsson could deliver… Haa could you imagine having a huge funnel sticking out of the landscape with a generator at the bottom.

  6. I'm neither Indian nor do I live in India, but I just watched an entire video on monsoons and crop irrigation in India….

    Sira has to be some sort of sorceress. 😍

  7. Wow. You're making me fall in love with science related topics again which I somehow lost after Engineering College. πŸ™‚

  8. Sira u shld start sira app and give tough competition to byju's learning app…
    Only u have that potential to take down their business πŸ€—

  9. Do a video on Corona virus, try to clear misconceptions, and please try to get some authentic data on the real situation in China, there are some people in media saying that China is under reporting the deaths, and infected numbers

  10. Didn't see the arguments against river linking. Would be great to see that because it is a controversial topic, at best. There are major negative environmental impacts concerning this which will likely influence monsoonal trends in the long run, so it would be wonderful if you would maybe add them into the video description.

  11. Well I am not a Luddite and my fav Indian Tech YouTuber was C4ETech. But now I have say Sira is on top of the list. Can't wait for you to go big enough to interview Elon Musk and the likes 😊😊

  12. I really need to meet the person who writes your scripts. And if that is you, Sira! Hi. πŸ™‚ You are a genius. πŸ™‚

    PS: I'm a pro writer myself, really appreciate and enjoy the wordplay, the puns and perfect pauses. Chills.

  13. No we cannot ; drought ridden regions need it. Monsoon is as much a part of India as India is a part of monsoon. India’s environment is too diverse to fix for many years.

  14. just a humble wish Sira,
    may your channel grow the best !
    i literally refresh ur videos, to support you, by the only kind of way possible for me! πŸ˜€

  15. This is great, you are covering diverse topics that needs to be discussed. Kudos

  16. A huge project is going on to sequester monsoon water on entire cauvery basin by using agro forestry in farm lands called CAUVERY CALLING. It would be great if you can speak on it.

  17. Last 4 years I am into farming, monsoon has affected a lot in yield, government is also subsidising in Drip irrigation

  18. I genuinely thanks you for bringing new video series of economically problem solving issue. Where On the other hand, tech luddies focused on only new gadgets.

  19. I have been waiting for an Indian YouTuber to make content the way it should be made.
    Easy narration, decent animation and most important, soft music.

  20. You are now my forgotten school teacher who couldn't make us learn cycles of monsoon ….. But tried though

  21. The host herself is growing as a Luddite…and if enough people are enjoying it…its just great…think of it…competing with other channels for better additional content be like…interesting gyaan vs looking at videos talking about weird accessories you can find under 500 on amazon…i +1 this… πŸ˜€ (though i also +1 the latter xD)

  22. Finally a tech channel that actually educates it's subscribers rather than just tech review..
    Regards from fellow Bengalurian..

  23. you deserve more … keep doing the hard work and i bet you will get a MILLION in just a year … i got to know a lot in this 6 min video than in my whole 6 class…..

  24. Kejri and congress left have given free electricity, loan mafi, free water, free wifi , free bus ride etc etc etc
    Modi ne kya diya? (river linking , rivers cleaning, using rivers as cheap inland waterways for freight transport to reduce cost of logistics for businesses, building more dams to store water and create more clean energy, farmer insurance, farmer banking , …. ye sab to kahin hamko dikhta nahi. Free bikli ka Zero bill to khub dikhta hai)
    Pappu Raja aur Kujliwala to annadata hai, aur ham bhikari free ke liye muh khol ke baite hai. 1200 saal ki ghulami ki hai, aadat kaise jayegi jaldi. Modi to apne ko Janata ka servant samajta hai. Wo kya free dega. Humse tax paisa wasool ke, use sarak or dam or freight corridor DFC bana raha hai . Usse mujhe kya matlab?
    πŸ˜” LAge raho lege raho …

  25. These videos are absolutely fantastic. They are well-researched, well-written and well-delivered. I see no reason why these can’t be played at schools across the country. Questions about monsoon rains, nuclear energy and other issues of national importance need to be addressed – and to see a fellow Bangalorean do it fills me with pride ❀️

  26. Refreshing to hear Sira talk about technology other than phones n electronic gadgets. Informative n educational. Kudos !

  27. Sida, all these are Israel's technology. Please investigate more and make videos on, what other agricultural technologies we can make use of.

  28. Wow i thought you have lessened your burden of not sharing plight of the Indian farmers….now go create many more like this

  29. Hi Sira!

    I just noticed that you have created some very good videos on important topics. I hope you create more content on topics like automation, climate change, transportation, energy, biotech etc. If possible please write a more detailed descriptions below your videos. Also, please link your Patreon/paypal to your videos where people who like your content can help you and reduce your dependence on ads.

    If you are really passionate about gadgets and technology try to make videos on robotics, control, AI, embedded systems, propulsion etc. (I am assuming you have background in STEM) or any STEM related topic in general which will spark the curiosity of youth. I am so happy that you stopped doing "gadget reviews" in the name of technology.

    It fills me with immense joy when fellow Indians create something of high quality. I hope your channel will be as popular as Veritasium or Numberphile. I wish you good luck and growth in coming years. Keep creating content which matters!

    PS: This is just constructive feedback, please don't take anything personally. Its your channel feel free to do whatever you like. You don't have to do the fan-service.

    With warm regards,
    Vishu Sharma

  30. in kaleshwaram project , not just resrvoirs wer built, the river godavari was itself widened and deepened to make the river as a flowing reservoir.
    this technique is found in link 1 of KLIP, which includes 3 barrages which will pump back water upstream uptill a balancing reservoir named yellampally.

  31. Is there a specific word for a bot created junk record? Something for which a captcha is built as a prevention tool.

  32. Hydro-Electricity is a scam. Priority is given to massive industries that rely on the kilowatts of Electricity to run their fabrication plants, factories and offices because they come under tertiary sector and tertiary sector seems to generate the massive amount of revenue. The crops are either left for the dead or are destroyed in floods. I personally think Nuclear Energy should be used for powering the cities and the dams provide irrigation to the farmers all round the year.

  33. Good video just to add to it – India has large tracts of desertification due to poor farming methods, to be farmer in India has always received the scorn of other's it's been looked down upon by people who think the supermarket & market place magically produces the product they consume. In Europe more grads & Post grads are becoming farmers as they realize the importance of food security & quality , hence India needs to partner more with a country like Israel that has mastered the art of turning dessert into farm lands & there are many UN projects including 1 run by a South African Prof. which has proven to be successful using cattle to regreen dessert areas. Farming & Agri sector needs to be given it's due place as the backbone of a nation & special Agribusiness & science schools need to be setup to aid farmers in alternate methods. Look @Japan that grows square watermelons & other squashes in special Greenhouses & many other methods that don't require so much dependence on large amt's of water. I personally use a product which I grow & harvest as a sugar substitute – Stevia -each leaf is way more potent than the equivalent of sugar & a teaspoon of Stevia is 300 times more stronger than sugar , it's a healthier alternative for diabetics, the yield per plant & water requirement is much lower than sugar cane so for the same size of land that farmer produces sugar cane – Sevia will give him 300 times more crops strength yield. Even Coca Cola has a Stevia sweetened Cola out on the market. I wonder wrt the upstream water projects if it's possible to get hydro power as it's released downstream using gravity ?

  34. just a suggestion why not make a video on vertical farming?!!! its a trend that not many people are talking about at least in India & if you come to think of it, it might just be what our society needs!!

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